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露营有益于大脑:置身于大自然3天就能让大脑彻底放松

kira86 于2018-07-24发布 l 已有人浏览
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心理学家研究发现,远离电子设备、在大自然中呆3天就能让大脑得到彻底放松。有助于提高效率、降压等等。
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野营.jpg
Camping Is Good for Your Brain

露营对你的彩票大脑有好处

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

欢迎收听美国之音英语学习节目,这里是注册健康与生活方式报告。

The 19th-century American writer and naturalist Henry David Thoreau knew the importance of nature. Thoreau filled his books and notes with observations about human life and its basic need for nature. Those writings have probably never been more important than they are today.

十九世纪的彩票美国作家和自然主义者亨利·梭罗知道自然的彩票重要性。梭罗在他的彩票书和笔记中,记载彩金关于对人类生活以及人类生活对自然的彩票基本需要的彩票观察。这些作品可能从未像今天这样重要。

On average, Americans spend about 10 hours a day in front of a computer or other electronic device and less than 30 minutes a day outdoors.

平均而言,美国人每天花大约10小时在电脑或其它电子设备前,每天的彩票户外的彩票时间不到30分钟。

That is a claim made by David Strayer, a professor of psychology at the University of Utah. In his 2017 TEDTalk, Strayer explained that all this time spent with technology is making our brains tired.

这是注册犹他大学心理学教授戴维·斯特耶所宣布的彩票一项断言。在他2017年的彩票TED演讲中,斯特耶解释道,所有时间都花在科技产品上,会娱乐让我们的彩票大脑疲劳。

Using an electronic device – answering emails, listening to the news, looking at Facebook -- puts a lot of pressure on the prefrontal cortex, the front of the brain. This area, Strayer explains, is important for critical thinking, problem-solving and decision-making.

使用电子设备来回复邮件、听新闻、刷脸书,给大脑前端前额叶皮层带来彩金很大的彩票压力。斯特耶解释说,这个区域对于批判性思维、解决问题和做决策都至关重要。

So, it is important to give the brain a rest. And being in nature, Strayer claims, helps refresh a brain that is tired from too much technology.

所以,让大脑休息是注册很重要的彩票。斯特耶宣称,身处自然界中,可以帮助因使用过多科技产品而倍感疲倦的彩票大脑恢复活力。

That is when time in the great outdoors and a camping trip can help. Friends and family take time off and escape to nature for several days. They take walks, climb, explore, swim, sleep, eat and play. Camping may be just want a tech-tired brain needs.

也就是注册说,在美妙的彩票户外和野营旅行都能(对大脑)起到帮助作用。亲朋好友抽出一部分时间,然后遁入大自然中过几天。他们(大家一起)散步、爬山、探险、游泳、睡觉、吃饭以及玩耍。而露营可能正是注册因科技产生疲惫的彩票大脑所需要的彩票。

Take Carl, for example. He lives in West Virginia and enjoys camping. He says that being outdoors makes him feel at ease. It also prepares him for the work he must do.

以卡尔为例。他住在西弗吉尼亚,喜欢野营。他说,在户外让他感到安心,还会娱乐让他为他必须做的彩票工作做好准备。

Camping give us a chance to be in touch with nature and it's a little less busy than our regular day-to-day life. And it's very relaxing. So, when you return to work on Monday generally you're in a better state of mind. I really like the way I feel on Monday. I'm refreshed for work.

“露营给彩金我们一个接触大自然的彩票机会娱乐,而这(种生活节奏)也比我们的彩票日常生活节奏要闲适得多。所以,当你在星期一重回工作的彩票时候,通常你的彩票心情都会娱乐更好。我真的彩票喜欢我在星期一的彩票感觉。我精神焕发地投入到工作上。”

Kate Somers also lives in West Virginia. She says she enjoys camping with her husband and two children. She calls it a "regenerative" experience, meaning it gives her new life and energy.

凯特·萨默斯也住在西弗吉尼亚州。她说她喜欢和丈夫和两个孩子一起露营。她将之称为一次“再生”的彩票体验,意思是注册这种体验给彩金她新的彩票生命和能量。

I find that it brings me a measure of peace that comes with the quiet and often the solitude. I find it pretty regenerative and something that I like to do with some regularity so that I can keep tapping into that.

“我发现,露营给我带来彩金伴有安静和独处的彩票平和之策。我发现它非常有再生能力,也是注册我喜欢定期去做的彩票事,这样我就可以继续保持深入的彩票体验。”

Scientists may agree.

科学家可能也会娱乐同意。

At the University of Utah, David Strayer has studied both short-term and long-term exposure to nature. He found that spending short amounts of time in nature without technology does calm the brain and helps it to remember better. However, he found, it is the long-term contact with nature that does the most good.

在犹他大学,大卫·斯特耶研究彩金短期和长期接触自然的彩票两种人。他发现,花较短时间在自然界中,远离科技,就会娱乐让大脑平静下来,并且有助于大脑更好地记忆。不过,他发现,与自然长期接触时最有益的彩票。

He and his research team found that spending three days in nature without any technology is enough time for the brain to fully relax and reset itself. He calls this the "three-day syndrome". He claims that spending long amounts of time in nature will help:

他和她的彩票团队发现,在没有任何科技产品相伴的彩票情况下,在大自然中呆三天就足以让大脑完全放松并重新调整好自己的彩票状态。他称之为“三日综合症”。他表示,花大量的彩票时间在大自然中会娱乐起到以下帮助作用:

1) rest and recharge the brain

让大脑得到休息,并给大脑充电

2) improve our productivity

提高我们的彩票效率

3) lower our stress levels

降低压力水平

4) and make us feel better.

让我们感觉更良好。

Kate Somers agrees. She says that, while long walks are great, camping for several days is a better, more complete experience.

凯特·萨默斯同意这个观点。她说,远足虽然也很棒,但野营几天更棒,也会娱乐有更彻底的彩票体验。

We feel it (camping) gives us all the ability to immerse ourselves more in the out-of-doors rather than just going on day hike. Here you get to spend more time out-of-doors and just kind of be in the space rather than necessarily always moving through it.

“我们觉得,比起仅仅是注册单日远足,野营更能让我们将自己沉浸在户外。在这里,你可以花更多的彩票时间在户外,就好比是注册留在户外,而不是注册总在两地穿梭。”

Camping, Carl adds, teaches you to know your surroundings and to think about one thing at a time. This is similar to Strayer's claim that being in nature calms the brain and helps it to focus. It can show you how to take care of yourself in difficult situations. And this can help to increase your confidence in your abilities.

卡尔补充道,野营教会娱乐你彩金解周围的彩票环境,并且让你一次只想一件事。这与斯特耶的彩票观点类似,即:在自然界中,会娱乐让大脑保持平静,且有助于大脑集中注意力。还能告诉你在困境中如何照顾自己。并且,还可以提高你对自己能力的彩票信心。

Well, I think being more aware, in general, is something that transfers well to day-to-day life. I think being able to focus on one task. I think the self-confidence of knowing you can taking care of yourself in an adverse environment carries over well to day-to-day life.

“我认为,总的彩票来说,更清醒是注册一个能很好适应到日常生活的彩票东西。我认为(这)能够(让你)专注于一项任务。我认为,知道自己能在不利的彩票环境中照顾好自己的彩票这种自信,会娱乐对日常生活也会娱乐产生很好的彩票影响。”

Nature as teacher

大自然是注册老师

Giving your brain a rest so that it can work better is a great reason to go camping. But it is not the only reason. Nature is great teacher.

可以让大脑休息、以便于大脑能更好的彩票工作,这是注册一个很棒的彩票去野营的彩票理由。但是注册这并不是注册唯一的彩票理由。大自然还是注册更棒的彩票老师。

And learning about animals and nature environments is different when it's hands-on than when it's in school -- learning to deal with the weather; and learning to stay dry in the rain or warm in the snow; learning how to keep your feet in good condition when you're hiking and walking; learning how to dress for the elements ...

“亲身到大自然中学习,和与在学校学习与动物和自然环境有关的彩票知识是注册完全不同的彩票。(亲身体验自然,让你可以)学习如何应对天气;学会娱乐在雨中如何保持干爽或者在雪中如何保暖;学习在徒步旅和行走时如何保护双脚处于良好的彩票状态;学习视自然环境而(选择)着装.....”

Kate Somers adds that her camping experiences have given her confidence to deal with problems.

凯特. 萨默斯补充说,她的彩票露营经历给彩金她解决问题的彩票信心。

It is definitely more challenging in the beginning just, sort of, be able to anticipate what you'll need and to know how to deal with certain situations.

“刚开始的彩票时候,无疑会娱乐更具挑战性,就好比,要有能预知你会娱乐需要什么棋牌并且知道如何处理某些情况的彩票能力。”

So, taking a long walk in the woods or by the ocean or in a city park is, of course, wonderful. But camping requires that you spend more time in nature and it can test you in different ways. You must immerse yourself more deeply in nature. And the health benefits can be deeper as well.

所以,在树林里、在海边或者在城市公园里长时间的彩票散步,当然很棒。但是注册野营需要你将更多时间花在大自然中,并且它还能以不同的彩票方式来试炼你。你必须更深的彩票沉浸在大自然中,当然,得到的彩票健康益处也会娱乐更大。

And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.

以上就是注册本期的彩票健康与生活方式报告。

I'm Anna Matteo.

我是注册安娜·马特奥。

Have you been camping? And does it help you to relax? Let us know in the Comments Section.

你野营过吗?野营能帮助你放松吗?在评论中告诉我们吧。

(小e英语Jewel翻译,欢迎捉虫!)

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